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Public School System in Sindh: Empirical Insights

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In this paper we present descriptive statistics on the Government School Education System in Sindh. The data are obtained from latest administrative annual school census in Sindh (2011-12). Schooling System in Sindh comprises 48,932 schools of which 47,000 are primary, middle and elementary schools making Sindh one of the densest public schooling systems in the world with almost 1.8 schools catering to 1000 people in rural Sindh. Functional schooling capacity is low however with less than 15% of these schools having at least two teachers and access to basic facilities including toilet, drinking water supply, electricity and boundary wall.

Salman Asim

Against the backdrop of this massive schooling system in Sindh we examine key trends of education outcomes using Pakistan Living Standards and Measurement Surveys (2004-05-2010-11). Net enrollment rates (NERs) at primary, middle and secondary levels in Sindh have at best stagnated from 2007-2011 after a sharp increase registered in 2006; this trend is similar to the rest of Pakistan. Gains in NERs vary significantly across districts with some districts performing exceptionally better than the others. Finally, we cross-validate the statistics presented in the paper using independent household and school level census data of 300 communities for an ongoing impact evaluation study in three districts of rural Sindh.

About the presenter:
 
Mr. Salman Asim is an Economist with the South Asia Human Development Unit (SASHD) at the World Bank. He is a principal investigator on the impact evaluation of ‘Information Awareness Campaign for School Committees in Sindh.’ He is also providing technical support on key components of education sector reforms, and leading the operational dialogue on the design of Monitoring and Evaluation, and School Based Management components of second generation reforms for the Punjab and Sindh governments. Salman is also a visiting research fellow at the Center for Research in Economics and Business (CREB) at Lahore School of Economics, where he collaborated with Dr. Naved Hamid, in jointly conducting seminars on topics in experimental economics for the Development Economics Module of the M.Phil Economics course work. Mr. Asim completed his M.Phil in Economics from University of Oxford as a distinguished Rhodes Scholar from Pakistan, and wrote his dissertation on the “Impact of microcredit on women’s empowerment.

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 3/20/2013 02:09:00 PM,

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